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Johnson-Brock Public Schools COVID-19: Safe to Return Plan 2021-2022
Johnson-Brock Eagles
Thursday, July 22, 2021

Level 1 Green:  Minimal Community Spread

Virus Status

✓ Few, if any, active COVID-19 cases locally.

✓ This would correspond to late Phase three of early stage Four of the NHD.

How to Keep School Communities Safe

✓ School preparedness activities primarily focused around awareness and updating emergency operations plans. 

✓ Close and continuing communication between school and local public health leaders focused on local basic reproductive number and any changes in disease surveillance that would necessitate a change to “minimal to moderate spread” community spread status.

✓ Evaluate whether there are students or staff at risk for severe illness and develop or refine plans for remote work and education if necessary.[1] ✓ Encourage sick students and staff to stay home and consider waiving requirements for doctor’s excuse notes.

✓ Familiarize staff and students with approved personal protective equipment and   policies for use in school.

✓ Clean and disinfect work and school areas regularly.

School Operating Status

✓ Open for in-person instruction.

 Mental and Social Emotional Health

▢      Establish a crisis response team that includes school principals, school nurses, mental health specialists, and parents, to focus on student and staff mental health and wellness using trauma informed models.

▢      Assess natural resources (personnel, existing partners) to determine if there is a need for external support, and reach out to the existing vendor community to assess the potential for expanded work.

▢      Evaluate staff mental health readiness utilizing questionnaires, surveys, and direct outreach. If any screening does occur, it should comply with privacy and HIPAA requirements. ▢      Where feasible, institute a universal mental health screening tool that can be used for both teachers and students. If any screening does occur, it should comply with privacy and HIPAA requirements.

▢      Provide resources for staff self-care, including resiliency strategies.

▢      Designate a mental health liaison (school-based) who will work with the district, local public health agencies, and community partners.

 ▢      Consider additional resources required to serve special needs populations.

 Hygiene

▢      Provide adequate supplies to support healthy hygiene behaviors (e.g. , soap, hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol for safe use by staff and older children, paper towels, and tissues).

▢      Teach and reinforce handwashing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds and/or the safe use of hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol by staff and older students.

▢      Systematically and frequently check and refill hand sanitizers

▢      Encourage staff and students to cough and sneeze into their elbows, or to cover with a tissue. Used tissues should be thrown in the trash and hands washed immediately with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.

▢      Limit sharing of personal items and supplies such as writing utensils.

▢      Keep students’ personal items separate and in individually labeled cubbies, containers or lockers.

Limit use of classroom materials to small groups and disinfect between uses or provide adequate supplies to assign for individual student use.

Spacing and Movement

▢      Changes to class sizes and spacing unnecessary; can resume normal seating.

▢      No changes in movement between classes is required.

Screening Students

▢      Children who become ill at school should be placed in a designated area of quarantine with a surgical mask in place. Nurses should wear N95 masks when caring for these students.

▢      Students sent home from school should be kept home until they have tested negative or have completely recovered according to CDC guidelines.

▢      Students are allowed to enter the building at only 1-2 sites and must egress from other exits to keep traffic moving in a single direction.

▢      Parents are not allowed in the school building except under extenuating circumstances determined by district and school officials; adults entering the building should wash or sanitize hands prior to entering.

▢      Only one parent per child should be allowed to enter except under extenuating circumstances determined by district and school officials.

▢      Strict records, including day and time, should be kept of non-school employees entering and exiting the building.

▢      Parents are encouraged to check student’s temperature at home every morning using oral, tympanic, or temporal scanners; students with a temperature of 100.4 or greater should stay home and consider coronavirus testing if no other explanation is available.

▢      Parents are encouraged to ask their children or monitor for symptoms of COVID-19, including cough, congestion, shortness of breath, or gastrointestinal symptoms every morning.  Any positives should prompt the parent to keep the student home from school.

▢      If resources allow, temperature checks on students can be performed once per day by staff; febrile students should be sent to the nurse’s office for transport home.

Testing Protocols for Students and Responding to Positive Cases

▢      Students sent home from school should be kept home until they have tested negative or have completely recovered according to CDC guidelines.

▢      In the event that a student tests positive, immediate efforts should be made to contact any close contacts (those who spent more than 10 minutes in close proximity to the student) so that they can be quarantined at home. Classmates should be closely monitored for any symptoms.  At this time, empiric testing of all students in the class is not recommended, only those that develop symptoms require testing.

▢      Parents are encouraged to ask their children or monitor for any cough, congestion, shortness of breath, or gastrointestinal symptoms every morning. Any positives should prompt the parent to keep the student home from school and seek out testing.

Responding to Positive Tests Among Staff and Students

▢      In the event of a positive test among staff or a student, the classroom or areas exposed should be immediately closed until cleaning and disinfection can be performed. 

▢      If the person was in the school building without a facial covering, or large areas of the school were exposed to the person, short term dismissals (2-5 days) may be required to clean and disinfect the larger areas.  This decision should be made in concert with the local public health department.

▢      If possible, smaller areas should be closed for 24 hours before cleaning to minimize the risk of any airborne particles. 

▢      Cleaning staff should wear an N95 respirator when performing cleaning of these areas along with gloves and face shield. Districts should work with local public health departments to fit staff for N95 respirators.

Dining, Gathering and Extracurricular Activities

▢      Encourage students, teachers, and cafeteria staff to wash hands before and after every meal.

▢      Meal activities continue per normal operating procedures.

▢      When possible, students and teachers wash hands before and after every event.

▢      Large scale gatherings are allowed per normal operating status.

▢      Extracurricular activities and gatherings conducted normally.

▢      After school programs are open and operating normally.

Athletics

▢      All activities are allowed to continue per normal procedures.

▢      Spectator events are allowed per normal procedures.

Personal Protective Equipment

▢      Staff and students are encouraged to wear mask when you are moving from class to class, going to lunch, coming and going to school and on the school bus.  Students and staff are also encouraged to wear mask in the classroom.   

▢      Regular use of hand sanitizer and hand washing is encouraged.

Cleaning

▢      School campuses should undergo normal cleaning on a daily basis.   

▢      Strongly recommended that frequently touched surfaces including lights, doors, benches, bathrooms, etc. should undergo cleaning with either an EPA-approved disinfectant or dilute bleach solution (⅓ cup bleach in 1 gallon of water) at least twice daily.[2] 

▢      Libraries, computer labs, arts, and other hands-on classrooms should undergo standard cleaning procedures per normal operating status.

▢      Strongly suggested that student desks should be wiped down with either an EPA-approved disinfectant or dilute bleach solution at the beginning and end of every day.

▢      Strongly suggested that playground equipment and athletic equipment can be cleaned with either an EPA-approved disinfectant or dilute bleach solution after every use.

▢      Strongly suggested that staff should wear gloves, surgical mask, and face shield when performing all cleaning activities.

Busing and Student Transportation

▢      School busing operations proceed normally.

▢      Seating charts will be required and enforced.  Loading from the rear to the front and unloading from the front to the rear.  Siblings and classmates will be assigned to sit next to each other.  Older siblings that drive are encouraged to drive them to school.   

Medically Vulnerable Students and Teachers

▢      Systematically review all current plans (e.g., Individual Healthcare Plans, Individualized Education Plans or 504 plans) for accommodating students with special healthcare needs and update their care plans as needed to decrease their risk for exposure to SARS-coV-2.

▢      Create a process for students/families and staff to self-identify as high risk for severe illness due to SARS-coV2 and have a plan in place to address requests for alternative learning arrangements or work re-assignments.

▢      Enable staff that self-identify as high risk for severe illness to minimize face-to-face contact and to allow them to maintain a distance of 6 feet from others, modify job responsibilities that limit exposure risk.

   

Level 2 Yellow/Orange:  Minimal to Moderate Local Community Spread

 Virus Status  

✓       Percent of positive tests, daily hospitalizations, and number of deaths      clearly declining.

✓       Need for continued social distancing, use of facial coverings, and mitigation in school and workplace settings.

✓       Gathering sizes limited to small numbers.

✓       Healthcare system capacity continues to strengthen.

✓       Robust testing, contact tracing, and containment protocols in place.

 How to Keep School Communities Safe

✓       School preparedness and response activities shift from ongoing surveillance to a series of active mitigation measures. 

✓       Schools should be prepared to immediately implement social distancing measures that include: 

✓       Reducing the frequency of large gatherings,

✓       Altering schedules,

✓       Limiting inter-school interactions, and

✓       Deploying distance learning.

✓       Short-term dismissals of 2-5 days and suspension of extracurricular activities should be expected for cleaning and contact tracing purposes.

✓       Students and teachers at increased risk of severe illness should be prepared to implement distance teaching and learning modalities.

School Operating Status

✓       Situation dependent

Mental and Social Emotional Health

▢      Establish a crisis response team that includes school principals, school nurses, mental health specialists, and parents, to focus on student and staff mental health and wellness using trauma informed models.

▢      Evaluate staff mental health readiness utilizing questionnaires, surveys, and direct outreach. If any screening does occur, it should comply with privacy and HIPAA requirements.

▢      Where feasible, institute a universal mental health screening tool that can be used for both teachers and students. If any screening does occur, it should comply with privacy and HIPAA requirements.

▢      Provide resources for staff self-care, including resiliency strategies.

▢      Designate a mental health liaison (school-based) who will work with the district, local public health agencies, and community partners.

▢      Consider additional resources required to serve special needs populations. [2] 

Hygiene

▢      Provide adequate supplies to support healthy hygiene behaviors (e.g. , soap, hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol for safe use by staff and older children, paper towels, and tissues).

▢      Teach and reinforce handwashing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds and/or the safe use of hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol by staff and older students.

▢      Systematically and frequently check and refill hand sanitizers

▢      Encourage staff and students to cough and sneeze into their elbows, or to cover with a tissue. Used tissues should be thrown in the trash and hands washed immediately with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.

▢      Limit sharing of personal items and supplies such as writing utensils.

▢      Keep students’ personal items separate and in individually labeled cubbies, containers or lockers.

▢      Limit use of classroom materials to small groups and disinfect between uses or provide adequate supplies to assign for individual student use.  

Spacing, Movement and Access  

▢      In early grades, K-2, where tables are utilized, recommend spacing students as far apart as feasible

▢      Arrange all desks facing the same direction toward the front of the classroom.  Flexible seating will not be an option. 

▢      Class sizes should be kept to less than 20 students or less (as afforded by necessary spacing requirements and personnel).

▢      If all students cannot fit in the classroom space available, it is recommended that a staggered school schedule that incorporates alternative dates of attendance or use of virtual teaching be implemented.

▢      Teachers should try to maintain six feet of spacing between themselves and students as much as possible.

▢      Assemblies of less than 50 students at a time are discouraged but allowed as long as facial coverings remain in use.

▢      Large scale assemblies of more than 50 students should be discontinued.

▢      Facial coverings should be worn at all times in hallways for grades PreK-12, as feasible or tolerated and/or most essential in times where physical distancing is difficult. Any one that has trouble breathing or is unconscious should not wear a facial covering. Any one that is incapacitated or unable to remove the facial covering without assistance, should not wear a facial covering.

▢      As able, schools should try to cohort groups of students to isolated hallways or areas that can be monitored for positive cases if there is a SARS-coV-2 exposure.

▢      As able, specialists from laboratories, libraries, and other specialized services or locations should be brought to the classrooms instead of having students transit to those locations.

▢      Flow of foot traffic should be directed in only one direction, if possible.

▢      If one-way flow is not possible, hallways can be divided with either side following the same direction.

▢      Efforts should be made to try and keep six feet of distance between persons in the hallways.

▢      Staggered movements at incremental intervals should be used if feasible to minimize the number of persons in the hallways as able.

▢      Floor tape or other markers should be used at six foot intervals where line formation is anticipated.

 ▢      Provide social distancing floor/seating markings in waiting and reception areas

▢      Mark six feet of spacing to remind students and staff to always stay six feet apart in lines and at other times when they may congregate

▢      Provide marks on the doors of restrooms to indicate proper social distancing

▢      Have staff monitor arrival and dismissal to discourage congregating and ensure students go straight from a vehicle to their classrooms and vice-versa

Screening Students

▢      Children who become ill at school should be placed in a designated area of quarantine with a surgical mask in place. Nurses should wear N95 masks when caring for these students.

▢      Students sent home from school should be kept home until they have tested negative or have completely recovered according to CDC guidelines.

▢      Students are allowed to enter the building at only 1-2 sites and must egress from other exits to keep traffic moving in a single direction.

▢      Parents are not allowed in the school building except under extenuating circumstances determined by district and school officials; adults entering the building should wash or sanitize hands prior to entering.

▢      Only one parent per child should be allowed to enter except under extenuating circumstances determined by district and school officials. ▢      Strict records, including day and time, should be kept of non-school employees entering and exiting the building.

▢      Parents are encouraged to check student’s temperature at home every morning using oral, tympanic, or temporal scanners; students with a temperature of 100.4 or greater should stay home and consider coronavirus testing if no other explanation is available.

▢      Parents are encouraged to ask their children or monitor for symptoms of COVID-19, including cough, congestion, shortness of breath, or gastrointestinal symptoms every morning.  Any positives should prompt the parent to keep the student home from school.

▢      If resources allow, temperature checks on students can be performed once per day by staff; febrile students should be sent to the nurse’s office for transport home.

Testing Protocols for Students and Responding to Positive Cases

▢      Students who develop fever or become ill at school should be transported by their parents, or ambulance if clinically unstable, for offsite testing.

▢      Parents should be notified of the presence of any positive cases in the classroom and/or school to encourage closer observation for any symptoms at home.

▢      Students sent home from school should be kept home until they have tested negative or have completely recovered according to CDC guidelines.

▢      In the event that a student tests positive, immediate efforts should be made to contact any close contacts (those who spent more than 10 minutes in close proximity to the student) so that they can be quarantined at home. Classmates should be closely monitored for any symptoms.  At this time, empiric testing of all students in the class is not recommended, only those that develop symptoms require testing.

▢      Parents are encouraged to check student’s temperature at home every morning using oral, tympanic, or temporal scanners; students with a temperature of 100.4 greater should stay home and consider coronavirus testing if no other explanation is available.

▢      Parents are encouraged to ask their children or monitor for any cough, congestion, shortness of breath, or gastrointestinal symptoms every morning. Any positives should prompt the parent to keep the student home from school and seek out testing.

Responding to Positive Tests Among Staff and Students

▢      In the event of a positive test among staff or a student, the classroom or areas exposed should be immediately closed until cleaning and disinfection can be performed. 

▢      If the person was in the school building without a facial covering, or large areas of the school were exposed to the person, short term dismissals (2-5 days) may be required to clean and disinfect the larger areas.  This decision should be made in concert with the local public health department.

▢      If possible, smaller areas should be closed for 24 hours before cleaning to minimize the risk of any airborne particles. 

▢      Cleaning staff should wear an N95 respirator when performing cleaning of these areas along with gloves and face shield. Districts should work with local public health departments to fit staff for N95 respirators.

Dining, Gathering, and Extracurricular Activities

▢      If cafeterias need to be used, meal times must be staggered to create seating arrangements with six feet of distance between students.

▢      Disposable utensils should be employed.

▢      Serving and cafeteria staff should use barrier protection including gloves, face shields, and surgical masks; N95 respirators are not required.

▢      Assemblies of up to 50 students at a time are discouraged but allowed as long as facial coverings remain in use.

▢ Outside guests are not allowed to attend.

▢ Large scale assemblies of more than 50 students should be discontinued.

▢ Off-site field trips discontinued.

▢ Students, teachers, and cafeteria staff wash hands before and after every meal.

▢ If possible, classrooms should be utilized for eating in place, taking into consideration food allergies.

▢ If possible, school supplied meals should be delivered to classrooms with disposable utensils.

▢ These assemblies, schools will offer telecasting of events if able.

▢ Students and teachers wash hands before and after every event.

Athletics

Required

▢ Students, teachers, and staff wash hands before and after every practice, event, or other gathering.  Every participant should confirm that they are healthy and without any symptoms prior to any event.

▢ All equipment should be disinfected before and after use.

▢ Schools should follow guidance from the Nebraska High School Athletics Association and local public health departments when deciding which sports can be safely conducted and with any restrictions required.

▢      Spectators are allowed provided that face facial coverings are used by observers at all times.

▢ (E) Weight room and physical conditioning activities should follow guidance from the Nebraska High School Athletics Association.

▢ Sports that do not allow adequate distancing such as football, wrestling, basketball, etc. should be discontinued.

▢ Large scale spectator or stadium events are not allowed

▢ Locker rooms and group changing areas should be closed.

▢ Handshakes, fist bumps, and other unnecessary contact should be minimized.

▢ Any uniforms or other clothing that need to be washed/laundered at school can be washed in warm water with regular detergent.  These should be single use without sharing of ice towels or other materials.

▢ Each participant should use a clearly marked water bottle for individual use.  There should be no sharing of this equipment.

Personal Protective Equipment

▢ All staff and students should wear facing coverings at all times except for meals; facial coverings may be homemade or disposable level one (basic) grade surgical masks. Any one that has trouble breathing or is unconscious should not wear a facial covering. Any one that is incapacitated or unable to remove the facial covering without assistance, should not wear a facial covering.

Cleaning

▢ Frequently touched surfaces including lights, doors, benches, bathrooms, etc. should undergo cleaning with either an EPA-approved disinfectant or dilute bleach solution should now be cleaned every two-four hours.

▢ Libraries, computer labs, arts, and other hands on classrooms should undergo cleaning with either an EPA-approved disinfectant or dilute bleach solution should now be cleaned after every class period.  Efforts should be made to minimize sharing of materials between students as able.

▢ Student desks should be wiped down with either an EPA-approved disinfectant or dilute bleach solution after every class period.

▢ Playground equipment and athletic equipment can be cleaned with either an EPA-approved disinfectant or dilute bleach solution after every use.

▢ Staff should wear gloves and a mask when performing all cleaning activities.

 Busing and Student Transportation

▢ Clean and disinfect transportation vehicles after every route. Children must not be present when a vehicle is being cleaned.

▢ Ensure safe and correct use and storage of cleaning and disinfection products, including storing products securely away from children and adequate ventilation when staff use such products.

▢ Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces in the vehicle (e g , surfaces in the driver’s cockpit, hard seats, arm rests, door handles, seat belt buckles, light and air controls, doors and windows, and grab handles) after each route is completed.

▢ Keep doors and windows open when cleaning the vehicle and between trips to let the vehicles thoroughly air out.

▢      Clean, sanitize, and disinfect equipment including items such as car seats and seat belts, wheelchairs, walkers, and adaptive equipment being transported to schools.

▢      Create a plan for getting students home safely if they are not allowed to board the vehicle. 

▢      If a driver becomes sick during the day, they must follow protocols for sick staff above and must not return to drive students.

▢      Encourage the use of hand sanitizer before entering the bus. Where possible, hand sanitizer should be supplied on the bus.

▢      Where possible, allow for six feet of social distancing between students, and between students and the driver, while seated on vehicles if feasible (e.g., by utilizing larger vehicles with more seats, by increasing frequency of routes to reduce occupancy, one rider per seat in every other row)

▢      Consider keeping windows open while the vehicle is in motion to help reduce spread of the virus by increasing air circulation, if appropriate and safe

Medically Vulnerable Students and Staff

▢      Systematically review all current plans (e.g., Individual Healthcare Plans, Individualized Education Plans or 504 plans) for accommodating students with special healthcare needs and update their care plans as needed to decrease their risk for exposure to SARS-coV-2.

▢      Create a process for students/families and staff to self-identify as high risk for severe illness due to SARS-coV2 and have a plan in place to address requests for alternative learning arrangements or work re-assignments

▢      Enable staff that self-identify as high risk for severe illness to maintain a distance of 6 feet from others, modify job responsibilities that limit exposure risk.

  

Level 3 Red:  Significant Community Spread

Virus Status

✓ A rapidly increasing percentage of positive COVID-19 tests and daily hospitalizations over a 14-day period

✓ Public health capacity that is likely exceeded including an inadequate number of contact tracing professionals for the local community

✓ Testing capacity that is likely inadequate for needs of the local community

How to Keep School Communities Safe

✓ School preparedness and response activities shift from an ongoing surveillance footing to a series of active mitigation measures. 

School Operating Status

✓       Schools will rely on data from the DHHS and case by case situation.   

Suggested Protocols

 Spacing and Movement

▢ Schools are closed for in-person instruction.

Screening Students

▢ Schools are closed for in-person instruction.

Dining, Gathering and Extracurricular Activities

▢ Schools enact off site food programs.

Athletics

▢ All athletics are suspended.

Personal Protective Equipment and Hygiene

▢ Schools are closed for in-person instruction.

Cleaning

▢ Schools are closed and cleaning practices adjusted to maintain school buildings in clean and well functioning order.

Busing and Student Transportation

▢ All busing operations are suspended.

Medically Vulnerable Students and Teachers

▢ All teaching should be moved to video conferencing platforms[3] .

 [1] Defined as having advanced age >55, hypertension, diabetes, pulmonary disease including asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and those with immunosuppression or on immunosuppressive medications. [2] https://www.epa.gov/pesticide-...

 

NE - confirm with public health.

NE - for review/updates from your team.

NE - not sure what language you use here.